How to Externally Rotate Shoulder: A Comprehensive Guide

Nov 26, 2023


Welcome to IAOM-US, your trusted source for health and medical information. In this comprehensive guide, we will provide you with valuable insights on how to externally rotate your shoulder effectively. Whether you are seeking chiropractic care or physical therapy, we have the expertise to help you achieve optimal shoulder mobility.

Understanding External Rotation of the Shoulder

External rotation of the shoulder refers to the movement of rotating the upper arm away from the body, with the palm facing upwards and the elbow pointed outwards. This motion is essential for various activities, such as lifting, throwing, and sports-related movements.

Common Causes of Restricted External Rotation

Restricted external rotation can be attributed to various factors, including muscular imbalances, joint misalignment, postural issues, or previous injuries. It can be a source of discomfort and limited functionality, impacting your daily activities and overall quality of life.

Benefits of Proper External Rotation

Proper external rotation of the shoulder is crucial for enhancing overall shoulder stability, improving range of motion, and reducing the risk of injuries. By incorporating the right techniques and exercises, you can experience increased strength and flexibility in your shoulder joint.

Effective Techniques for External Rotation

1. Range of Motion Exercises

Engaging in range of motion exercises is essential for improving external rotation of the shoulder. Start by standing or sitting upright with your arms hanging loosely at your sides. Gently move one arm away from your body, ensuring that your palm faces upward and your elbow is pointing outwards. Hold the position for a few seconds before slowly returning to the starting position. Repeat this exercise with both arms for several repetitions.

2. Stretching Exercises

Stretching exercises are crucial for increasing flexibility and promoting proper external rotation. Begin by standing or sitting comfortably, and then raise one arm to shoulder height. Bend your elbow at a 90-degree angle and gently place your forearm against a wall or door frame. Slowly lean forward, allowing your body to stretch while keeping your shoulder muscles relaxed. Hold the stretch for 20-30 seconds and repeat on the other side.

3. Strengthening Exercises

Strengthening exercises play a vital role in improving external rotation and overall shoulder stability. One effective exercise is the external rotation using resistance bands. Secure one end of the resistance band to a stable object at waist level. Hold the other end with the hand of the arm you want to exercise. Position your elbow against your side, bent at a 90-degree angle. Slowly rotate your forearm, moving it away from your body while keeping your elbow tucked in. Hold for a few seconds and return to the starting position. Repeat on both sides.

Consulting with IAOM-US for Professional Assistance

If you are experiencing persistent shoulder discomfort or limited external rotation despite your efforts, it is important to consult with a qualified healthcare professional. At IAOM-US, our team of highly skilled chiropractors and physical therapists can provide a comprehensive assessment and develop a personalized treatment plan to address your specific needs.

By combining our expertise in chiropractic care and physical therapy, we can determine the root cause of your restricted external rotation and develop a customized approach to restore optimal shoulder function.


In conclusion, understanding and implementing proper external rotation techniques are essential for maintaining shoulder health and mobility. From range of motion exercises to stretching and strengthening techniques, there are various methods you can incorporate into your routine to achieve optimal results.

At IAOM-US, we are committed to helping individuals like you regain full functionality and improve their overall quality of life. Contact us today to schedule a consultation and take the first step towards a pain-free, fully-functioning shoulder.

how to externally rotate shoulder