Shoulder Internal Rotation - Exploring Anatomical Terms

Oct 31, 2023

Welcome to IAOM-US! In this article, we will dive into the fascinating world of shoulder internal rotation. Understanding this specific movement of the shoulder joint is crucial for those in the health and medical field, including chiropractors and physical therapists. By delving into the intricacies of shoulder internal rotation, we aim to provide you with comprehensive knowledge on this topic.

What is Shoulder Internal Rotation?

Shoulder internal rotation refers to the rotational movement of the arm towards the centerline of the body, specifically occurring at the shoulder joint. This motion allows for various daily activities, such as reaching behind your back, combing your hair, or reaching into your back pocket.

The shoulder joint is a highly complex articulation formed by the humerus (upper arm bone) and the scapula (shoulder blade). Internal rotation is one of the range of motion movements available at the glenohumeral joint, which involves the head of the humerus moving medially towards the midline of the body.

Importance of Shoulder Internal Rotation

Shoulder internal rotation plays a pivotal role in maintaining optimal upper body function. This movement allows for efficient performance in various sports activities like golf, tennis, swimming, and throwing. Additionally, it is crucial for activities of daily living, including reaching, lifting, and carrying objects.

Inadequate shoulder internal rotation can lead to functional limitations and potential injuries. Restricted range of motion in this movement may result in shoulder impingement, rotator cuff tears, or even tennis elbow. By understanding the significance of shoulder internal rotation, health professionals can evaluate and address potential issues before they worsen.

Chiropractic Care and Physical Therapy

Chiropractors and physical therapists play a vital role in assessing and improving shoulder internal rotation. Through specialized techniques and exercises, these healthcare professionals aim to enhance range of motion, alleviate pain, and restore optimal functionality.

In chiropractic care, shoulder adjustments may be performed to correct joint misalignments and improve overall shoulder mobility. By targeting specific areas, chiropractors help restore proper joint mechanics and alleviate any accompanying discomfort.

Physical therapists employ a multidimensional approach to treating shoulder internal rotation issues. They may utilize manual therapy techniques, such as joint mobilization or soft tissue manipulation, to improve joint function and reduce muscle imbalances. Moreover, they design personalized exercise programs focusing on strengthening and stretching the shoulder muscles.

Tips for Maintaining Shoulder Health

In addition to seeking professional care, there are several practices you can incorporate into your daily routine to promote shoulder health:

  • Perform shoulder stretches regularly to maintain flexibility.
  • Strengthen the shoulder muscles through targeted exercises.
  • Avoid repetitive and overloading movements that may strain the shoulder joint.
  • Practice good posture to minimize undue stress on the shoulder.
  • Warm-up adequately before engaging in physical activities that involve the shoulder joint.


Understanding shoulder internal rotation is crucial for individuals in the health and medical field. By recognizing the significance of this movement and its potential impact on daily activities, chiropractors and physical therapists can help individuals achieve optimal shoulder function.

At IAOM-US, we are committed to delivering the most up-to-date information on a wide range of anatomical terms. Visit our website for more insightful content related to health, chiropractic care, and physical therapy.

Xin-Yuan Fu
Thanks for the informative read! 🙌 I can't wait to learn more about shoulder internal rotation!
Nov 8, 2023
Mitch Gordon
Great article, very informative! Understanding shoulder internal rotation is essential for health professionals like chiropractors and physical therapists.
Nov 4, 2023