Understanding Neuropathy: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment Options

Feb 2, 2019


Welcome to A+ Healthcare's comprehensive guide on neuropathy. In this article, we will explore the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for this condition. Neuropathy refers to a disorder that affects the nerves and can lead to varying degrees of pain, numbness, and weakness in different parts of the body.

What is Neuropathy?

Neuropathy, also known as peripheral neuropathy, is a condition that occurs when the peripheral nerves - the nerves outside of the brain and spinal cord - become damaged or dysfunctional. These nerves are responsible for transmitting signals between the central nervous system and the rest of the body.

Causes of Neuropathy

Neuropathy can be caused by various factors, including:

  • Diabetes: High blood sugar levels can damage the nerves over time.
  • Autoimmune diseases: Conditions like rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, and Guillain-Barré syndrome can cause nerve damage.
  • Injuries: Trauma or repetitive stress injuries can lead to nerve damage.
  • Infections: Viral or bacterial infections, such as herpes, Lyme disease, or HIV, can affect the peripheral nerves.
  • Toxic exposure: Certain medications, chemicals, or alcohol abuse can have a detrimental effect on the nerves.
  • Nutritional deficiencies: Inadequate intake of vitamins, especially B vitamins, can contribute to nerve damage.

Symptoms of Neuropathy

The symptoms of neuropathy can vary depending on the type and location of the affected nerves, but common symptoms may include:

  • Numbness or tingling in the hands, feet, or other body parts
  • Sharp or burning pain
  • Muscle weakness or paralysis
  • Sensitivity to touch
  • Lack of coordination
  • Balance problems
  • Digestive issues

Treatment Options

Efficient management of neuropathy involves addressing the underlying cause and alleviating symptoms. Here are some common treatment options:


Medications such as pain relievers, antidepressants, anticonvulsants, or topical creams may be prescribed to manage the symptoms and improve quality of life.

Physical Therapy

Physical therapy exercises and techniques can help improve muscle strength, flexibility, and balance, reducing the risk of falls and enhancing overall mobility.

Lifestyle Modifications

Adopting a healthy lifestyle by maintaining a balanced diet, managing blood sugar levels, avoiding alcohol and tobacco, and engaging in regular exercise can significantly improve neuropathy symptoms.

Alternative Therapies

Alternative therapies like acupuncture, massage therapy, and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) have shown positive results in relieving pain and improving nerve function for some individuals.

Complementary Supplements

Certain supplements, such as alpha-lipoic acid, vitamin B12, and acetyl-L-carnitine, may provide nerve protection and relief from neuropathic symptoms. However, it is essential to consult with a healthcare professional before starting any new supplements.


Neuropathy is a complex condition that can significantly impact the quality of life for those affected. Understanding the causes, recognizing the symptoms, and exploring treatment options are key steps in managing this condition effectively. At A+ Healthcare, we are dedicated to providing comprehensive information and resources to support individuals with neuropathy in their journey towards better health and well-being.